Pushing the envelope: Money politics mars Indonesian poll

by Marie Rodriguez

JAKARTA (Reuters) – Shanti Ramchand found out quick what changed into anticipated whilst she started out campaigning in Jakarta for Indonesia’s countrywide parliament – distribute envelopes of cash at a small campaign event, and present a motorcycle or an air conditioning unit to the network chief.

Ramchand, an aspiring politician from the National Democrat Party, a part of President Joko Widodo’s coalition, is trying a unique technique to getting elected. She is not only eschewing the cash and items which are historically given out at the campaign trail, however making it the centerpiece of her pitch to voters.

Indonesia – the arena’s third-biggest democracy – has a number of the worst money politics in Southeast Asia, according to researchers. Handouts of coins and gifts, anti-graft advocates and politicians say, cause rampant corruption in its countrywide legislature as a hit applicant to recoup their election expenses, and more, once elected.

Envelopes, commonly stuffed with cash starting from 20,000 to one hundred,000 rupiahs ($1.42 to $7.08), are generally doled out to citizens. These are small quantities, but the usual value may be large over a six-month marketing campaign.

Earlier this month, Indonesia’s Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) seized six garage chests in a concealed basement owned with the aid of Bowo Sidik Pangarso, a parliamentarian seeking re-election from the Golkar Party, some other celebration in Widodo’s ruling coalition. The chests contained four hundred,000 envelopes every believed to comprise 20,000 rupiah – a complete of eight billion rupiahs or over $566,000.

Bowo, who has been detained but not formally charged, told journalists final week after leaving an interview with the anti-corruption body that the envelopes have been for the countrywide parliament election, not the presidential election, each due on April 17.

While unlawful, politicians and analysts say it’s far incredibly uncommon to see prosecutions for election-time bribery.

Two politicians from the National Mandate Party, part of the competition coalition headed by way of former wellknown Prabowo Subianto, had been sentenced to 3 months in prison in December for distributing coupons for the Umrah pilgrimage to Mecca to the electorate. They will now not be disqualified from strolling for workplace again.

In 2017, the then speaker of the countrywide parliament Setya Novanto became arrested for orchestrating a scheme to plunder $173 million from a central authority contract for a country-wide digital identification card.

The KPK alleged most of the cash changed into to be funneled to as much as 60 lawmakers. Novato changed into sentenced to 15 years in prison, underscoring why Indonesia’s countrywide parliament fees as a number of the maximum corrupt institutions in u . S. A. In surveys.

“KLEPTOCRACY”
In a south Jakarta neighborhood, Ramchand is operating the courtyard crowd, conducting a few questions and solutions as she attempts to persuade constituents to vote for her.

“We don’t select the envelope, proper?” she says, receiving scattered approval from the gang of about forty congregating in a shady courtyard to keep off the mid-afternoon solar.

“That’s right. Check the background of the candidate. Ask them approximately their programmes. Your voice can’t be bought.”

In an interview, Ramchand said at three out of ten planned appearances, community leaders might demand gratuities to allow her to speak to the citizens in her South Jakarta citizens.

“Sometimes humans bluntly ask for money. Others ask for air conditioning devices or a motorcycle,” she told Reuters.

Ramchand, a policy representative to companies and governments who have lived overseas for most of the beyond the decade, confirmed Reuters WhatsApp messages despatched to her with the aid of village chiefs and officers from nonsecular businesses worrying money to let her communicate at gatherings.

Reuters couldn’t independently verify the messages.

Ramchand stated she has additionally declined to pay the usual political “dowry” required by political parties to advise candidates.

The going rate for an extreme run for one among 560 seats in the national legislature is about 10 billion rupiahs, or $708,000, in keeping with the previous deputy leader of the KPK, Busyro Muqoddas.

“We live in a kleptocracy, no longer a democracy,” stated Busyro.

A spokesman for the marketing campaign crew of Widodo, Ace Hasan Syadzily, said his own celebration, Golkar, does now not demand a political dowry however conceded “vote buying does happen”. The president becomes against cash politics, he added.

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